Monday, 23 May 2011

Important Years of World History


Important Years:


B.C.
3000
Building of the Great Pyramid.
776
First Olympiad in Greece.
753
Foundation of Rome.
490
Greeks defeated the Persians at the Battle of Marathon.
360
The period of Aristotle and Plato.
332
Egypt conquered by Alexander.
323
Alexander dies at Babylon.
214
Work on the Great Wall of China begins.
55
Julius Ceasar attacks Great Britain.
4
Birth of Jesus Christ.


A.D.
29
Crucifixion of Jesus Christ.
375
Huns’ invasion of Europe.
570
Prophet Mohammed born at Mecca.
622
Flight of Mohammed from Mecca to Madina.
632

Saturday, 7 May 2011

Inventions and Discoveries


Invention and Discoveries

Adding Machine, 1642. Inventor : Blaise Pascal (France) (1623-62). Earliest commercial machine invented by William Burroughs (U.S.) in St. Louis, Missouri in 1885.

Addressograph, 1893. Inventor : J.S. Duncan (U.S.). Manufactured in Chicago, Illinois.

Airplane, 1903. Inventors: Orville Wright (1871-1948) and Wilbur Wright (1867-1912), (U.S.) Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.

Airship (non-rigid), 1852. Inventor : Henri Giffard (France) (1825-82). Steam-powered propeller flew over Paris (1852).

Airship (rigid), 1900. Inventor : Graf Ferdinand von Zeppelin (Germany) (1838- 1917). Bodensee.

Antiseptic, 1867. Inventor : Dr. Joseph Lister (England).

Smallest and Biggest in the world


Largest Continent
Asia, 17,212,2000 square miles
Smallest Continent
Australia,312,2000 square miles
Highest Mountain
Mount Everest, Himalayan Mountains, Nepal-Tibet, 29,035 feet above sea level
Lowest Point on land
The Dead Sea, Israel-Jordan, water surface 1,349 feet below sea level
Deepest Underwater Trench
Marina Trench, 200 miles southwest of Guam in the Pacific Ocean, 36,198 feet below the ocean surface
Largest Sea
The Mediterranean Sea, 1,144,800 square miles
Highest Lake
The Highest navigable lake is Lake Titicaca in Peru, 12,500 feet above sea level
Lowest Lake
The Dead Sea, Israel-Jordan, surface of water 1,349 feet below sea level
Largest Lake
Caspian Sea, 152,239 square miles
Largest Freshwater Lake
Lake Superior, US-Canada, 31,820 square miles
Deepest Ocean
Pacific Ocean, average depth 13,215 feet
Largest Ocean
Pacific Ocean, 60,060,700 square miles
Smallest Ocean
Arctic Ocean, 5,427,000 square miles
Largest Gulf
Gulf of Mexico, 615,000 square miles
Bay
The Bay of Bengal, 1,300,000 square miles
Largest Island
Greenland, 839,999 square miles
Largest Peninsula
Arabia, 1,250,000 square miles
Largest Archipelago
Indonesia, 3,500-mile stretch of 17,000 islands
Largest Gorge
Grand Canyon, Colorado River, Arizona, US, 217 miles long, 4-18 miles wide, 1 mile deep
Deepest Gorge
Hells Canyon, Snake River, Idaho, 7,900 feet deep
Longest Mountain Range
The Andes of South America, 5,000 miles
Longesr River
The Nile, Africa, 4,180 miles
Shortest River
The Roe, Montana, US, 200 feet long
Largest River
The Amazon, South America, basin of 2,500,000 square miles
Longesr Estuary
Ob River, Russia, 550 miles long, up to 50 miles wide
Larget Lagoon
Lagoa dos Patos, Brazil, 150 miles long, 4,500 square miles
Largest Waterfall
Angel Falls, Venezuela, 3,212 feet high


Oceans of the World (by Size)
·         Pacific (155,557,000 sq km)
·         Atlantic (76,762,000 sq km)
·         Indian (68,556,000 sq km)
·         Southern (20,327,000 sq km)
·         Artic (14,056,000 sq km)

Ocean’s Greatest Depths
·         Mariana Trench, Pacific Ocean 35,827 ft
·         Puerto Rico Trench, Atlantic Ocean 30,246 ft
·         Java Trench, Indian Ocean 24,460 ft
·         Arctic Basin, Arctic Ocean, 18,456 ft

Major Seas (by Size)
·         South China (2,974,600 sq km)
·         Caribbean (2,515,900 sq km)
·         Mediterranean (2,510,000 sq km)
·         Bering (2,261,100 sq km)
·         Gulf of Mexico (1,507,600 sq km)
·         Arabian Sea (1,498,320 sq km)
·         Sea of Okhotsk (1,392,100 sq km)
·         Sea of Japan (East Sea – 1,012,900 sq km)
·         Hudson Bay (730,100 sq km)
·         East China (664,600 sq km)
·         Andaman (564,900 sq km)
·         Black (507,900 sq km)
·         Red (453,000 sq km)

Major Rivers (by length)
·         Nile, Africa (6,825 km)
·         Amazon, South America (6,437 km)
·         Chang Jiang (Yangtze), Asia (6,380 km)
·         Mississippi, North America (5,971 km)
·         Yenisey-Angara, Asia (5,536 km)
·         Huang(Yello), Asia (5,464 km)
·         Ob-Irtysh, Asia (5,410 km)
·         Amur, Asia (4,416 km)
·         Lena, Asia (4,400 km)
·         Congo, Africa (4,370 km)
·         Mackenzie-Peace, North America (4,241 km)
·         Mekong, Asia (4,184 km)
·         Niger, Africa (4,171 km)

Major Lakes (by Size)
·         Caspian Sea, Asia-Europe (371,000 sq km)
·         Superior, North America (82,100 sq km)
·         Victoria, Africa (69,500 sq km)
·         Huron, North America (59,600 sq km)
·         Michigan, North America (57,800 sq km)
·         Tanganyika, Africa (32,900 sq km)
·         Baikal, Asia (31,500 sq km)
·         Great Bear, North America (31,300 sq km)
·         Aral Sea, Asia (30,700 sq km)
·         Malawi, Africa (28,900 sq km)
·         Great Slave, Canada (28,568 sq km)
·         Erie, North America (25,667 sq km)
·         Winnipeg, Canada (24,387 sq km)
·         Ontario, North America (19,529 sq km)

Deepest Lake (by Greatest Depth)
·         Baikal, Russian Fed. (5,315 ft)
·         Tanganyika, Africa (4,800 ft)
·         Caspian Sea, Asia-Europe (3,363 ft)
·         Malawi or Nyasa, Africa (2,317 ft)
·         Issyk-Kul, Kyrgyzstan (2,303 ft)

Tallest Mountains (on each Continent)
·         Mount Everest 8859 m – Asia
·         Aconcagua 6959 m – S. America
·         Mount McKinley 6194 m – N. America
·         Mount Kilimanjaro 5963 m – Africa
·         Mount Elbrus 5633 m – Europe
·         Puncak Jaya 4884 m – Oceania
·         Vinson Massif 4897 m – Antarctica
Oldest Countries
·         San Marino (301 AD)
·         France (486 AD)
·         Bulgaria (632 AD)
·         Denmark (950 AD)
·         Portugal (1143 AD)
·         Andorra (1278 AD)
·         Switzerland (1291 AD)

Youngest Countries
·         Montenegro (July 2006)
·         Serbia (July 2006)
·         East Timor (2002)
·         Palau (1994)
·         Czech Republic (1993)
·         Eritrea (1993)
·         Slovakia (1993)
·         Bosnia/Hertzegovina (1992)

Continents of the World (by Size)
·         #1 Asia (445,579,000 sq km)
·         #2 Africa (30,065,000 sq km)
·         #3 North America (24,256,000 sq km)
·         #4 South America (17,819,000 sq km)
·         #5 Antarctica (13,209,000 sq km)
·         #6 Europe (9,938,000 sq km)
·         #7 Australia/Oceania (7,687,000 sq km)

Continets by Population
·         #1 Asia
·         #2 Africa
·         #3 Europe
·         #4 North America
·         #5 South America
·         #6 Australia/Oceania
·         #7 Antarctica

Continents by number of Countries
·         #1 Africa (53)
·         #2 Europe (46)
·         #3 Asia (44)
·         #4 North America (23)
·         #5 Oceania (14)
·         #6 South America (12)

Countries with Most land Boundaries
·         China – 14
·         Russian Federation -14
·         Brazil – 10
·         Congo, Germany and Sudan – 10
·         Austria, France, Tanzania, Turkey and Zambia – 8

Top 10 Tallest Mountains
·         Mount Everst, 8850m (29035 ft) – Nepal
·         Qogir (K2), 8611 m (28250 ft) – India
·         Kangchenjunga 8586 m (28169 ft) – Nepal
·         Lhotse, 8501 m (27929 ft) – Nepal
·         Makalu I, 8462 m (27765 ft) – Nepal
·         Cho Oyu, 8201 m (26906 ft) – Nepal
·         Dhaulagiri, 8167 m (26794 ft) – Nepal
·         Manaslu I, 8156 m (26758 ft) – Nepal
·         Nanga Parbat, 8125 m (26658 ft) – Pakistan
·         Annapurna I, 8091 m (26545 ft) – Nepal

Blog Archive

Follow by Email

Followers